Human evolution theory utilizing concepts of neoteny & female sexual selection
An etiology of neuropsychological disorders such as autism and dyslexia, and the origin of left handedness.

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 Library of Excerpts

Contemporary Culture


"From Neolithic villages to organized state, from gardening to irrigation farming, from inconography to writing, from disorganized raids to institutionalized warfare, from custom to law, from matriarchal religious authority to patriarchal political power, from mystery to history; the transformation was so complete that the past itself was reinvented to create a new foundation for a radically altered present. Now that we ourselves are moving into a radically altered present, it is small wonder that the patriarchal image of prehistory is disintegrating. The movement into the future always involves the revisioning of the past." (Thompson, W.I. (1981) The Time Falling Bodies Take To Light: St. Martin’s Press: New York p. 208)

Information suggesting that there is a decrease in wartime casualties over the centuries in Western Europe as a percentage of population. (Keeley LH (1996) War Before Civilization. Oxford Univ. Press: New York p. 89)

"Still more important is the implication that the evolution of homo sapiens, with his technological inventiveness and his increasingly subtle communications network, has vastly increased Gaia's range of perception.She is now through us awake and aware of herself. She has seen the reflection of her fair face through the eyes of astronauts and the television cameras of orbiting spacecraft. Our sensations of wonder and pleasure, our capacity for conscious thought and speculation, our restless curiosity and drive are her to share. This new interrelationship of Gaia with man is by no means fully established; we are not yet a truly collective species, corralled and tamed as an integral part of the biosphere, as we are as individual creatures. It may be that the destiny of mankind is to become tamed, so that the fierce, destructive, and greedy forces of tribalism and nationalism are fused into a compulsive urge to belong to the commonwealth of all creatures which constitutes Gaia. It might seem to be a surrender, but I suspect that the rewards, in the form of an increased sense of well-being and fulfilment, in knowing ourselves to be a dynamic part of a far greater entity, would be worth the loss of tribal freedom." (Lovelock, J (1979) Gaia, A New Look at Life on Earth. Oxford Univ. Press: Oxford. p. 140)

"Exploitation of nature has gone hand in hand with that of women, who have been identified with nature throughout the ages. From the earliest times, nature--and especially the earth--was seen as a kind and nurturing mother, but also as a wild and uncontrollable female. In prepatriarchal eras her many aspects were identified with the numerous manifestations of the Goddess. Under patriarchy the benign image of nature changed into one of passivity, whereas the view of nature as wild and dangerous gave rise to the idea that she was to be dominated by man. At the same time women were portrayed as passive and subservient to men. With the rise of Newtonian science, finally, nature became a mechanical system that could be manipulated and exploited, together with the manipulation and exploitation of women. The ancient association of woman and nature thus interlinks women's history and the history of the environment, and is the source of natural kinship between feminism and ecology which is manifesting itself increasingly. In the words of Carolyn Merchant, historian of science at the University of California, Berkeley: "In investigating the roots of our current environmental dilemma and its connections to science, technology and the economy, we must re-examine the formation of a world-view and a science which, by reconceptualizing reality as a machine rather than a living organism, sanctioned the domination of both nature and women. The contributions of such founding "fathers" of modern science as Francis Bacon, William Harvey, Rene Descartes, Thomas Hobbes and Isaac Newton must be reevaluated." The view of man as dominating nature and woman, and the belief in the superior role of the rational mind, have been supported and encouraged by the Judeo-Christian tradition, which adheres to the image of a male god, personification of supreme reason and source of ultimate power, who rules the world from above by imposing his divine law on it. The laws of nature searched for by the scientists were seen as reflections of this divine law, originating in the mind of God. It is now becoming apparent that overemphasis on the scientific method and on rational, analytic thinking has led to attributes that are profoundly antiecological. In truth, the understanding of ecosystems is hindered by the very nature of the rational mind. Rational thinking is linear, whereas ecological awareness arises from an intuition of nonlinear systems." (Capra, Fritjof (1982) The Turning Point. Bantam Books, Toronto p. 41)

"Human behavior is shaped by learning and decision making to an extraordinary and overwhelming degree. Several examples have already been given of people regarded as especially peaceable or warlike changing within a few generations and even within a single lifetime to the opposite extreme....Human history is replete with examples in which such relationships change from familiar friendship to bitter enmity and back again with remarkable rapidity." (Keeley LH (1996) War Before Civilization. Oxford Univ. Press: New York p. 158)

"...between 1960 and 1983 the number of working women doubled. Between 1966 and 1976 the divorce rate doubled too. And in 1981 remarriage rates hit a modern high. After many centuries of permanent monogamy among our farmer forebares, the primitive human pattern of marriage, divorce, and remarriage had emerged again." (Fisher, H. (1992) Anatomy of Love: The Mysteries of Mating, Marriage, and Why We Stray. Simon & Schuster, New York, 1992. pp. 296)

"Sperm counts were roughly stable during the interval 1930-1960, declining only thereafter (James, 1980), whereas evidence of (some) women's promiscuity considerably predates the 1960's." (James, W.H. (1989) On female primate sexual behavior. Current Anthropology 30,1: pp. 77)

"And so it appears that we may safely assert that whether in the early Greek and Celtic, or in the later Roman and Germanic zones, the European neolithic heritage produced largely homologous mythic forms, derived from and representing the old order of the great Age of the Goddess: and it was on this basic stratum that the later layerings of high culture myth were superimposed." (Campbell, J (1964) The Masks of God: Occidental Mythology Vol.3. Viking Press, New York p. after 455 somewhere)

"In Lithuania, on the "Day of the Snakes" around the first of February, people prepared various dishes for the snakes and invited them into the homes. If the snakes tasted the food, the year would be prosperous; their choice determined the course of the whole year. In Ireland, during the holiday of Brigit on February 1st, it was believed that "the queen was returning from the hills." The queen was a Snake Goddess to whom all other snakes belong." (Gimbutas, Marija (1991) The Civilization of the Goddess. Harper: S. F. p. 236){Note equinox return of Chinese Dragon}

Description of surviving European matrilineal practicing cultures in contemporary times. (Gimbutas, Marija (1991) The Civilization of the Goddess. Harper: S. F. p 344)

See this section for Fromm inspired discussion of Freuds misinterpretation of Oedipus complex by overlooking the matriarchal vs Patriarchal conflict in the Sophocles play. (Fromm, Erich (1951) The Forgotten Language: An Intro to Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales and myths. Grove Press: New York pp. 210-211)

"Freud was definitely on to something, but unfortunately his casual arrows were running backwards. What is poppycock is the idea that the Oedipal situation is caused by human nature rather than by human cultures." (Harris, Marvin (1977) Cannibals and Kings. Vintage Books: New York p. 95)

"War and sexism will cease to be practiced when their productive, reproductive, and ecological functions are fulfilled by less costly alternatives." (Harris, Marvin (1977) Cannibals and Kings. Vintage Books: New York p. 97)

"Eighty-four percent of the world's cultures allow a man to marry multiple wives (Whyte, 1978). Very few men in these cultures, however, have the resources to support a large family, In reality, then, most families in the world contain one man and one women." (De Wall & Lanting 1997: 190, Bonobo)

"From Neolithic villages to organized state, from gardening to irrigation farming, from inconography to writing, from disorganized raids to institutionalized warfare, from custom to law, from matriarchal religious authority to patriarchal political power, from mystery to history; the transformation was so complete that the past itself was reinvented to create a new foundation for a radically altered present. Now that we ourselves are moving into a radically altered present, it is small wonder that the patriarchal image of prehistory is disintegrating. The movement into the future always involves the revisioning of the past." (Thompson, W.I. (1981) The Time Falling Bodies Take To Light: St. Martin’s Press: New York p. 208)

"In Lithuania, on the "Day of the Snakes" around the first of February, people prepared various dishes for the snakes and invited them into the homes. If the snakes tasted the food, the year would be prosperous; their choice determined the course of the whole year. In Ireland, during the holiday of Brigit on February 1st, it was believed that "the queen was returning from the hills." The queen was a Snake Goddess to whom all other snakes belong." Gimbutas, Marija (1991) The Civilization of the Goddess. Harper: S. F. p. 236) {Note equinox return of Chinese Dragon}

"Eighty-four percent of the world's cultures allow a man to marry multiple wives (Whyte, 1978). Very few men in these cultures, however, have the resources to support a large family, In reality, then, most families in the world contain one man and one women." (De Wall & Lanting 1997: 190, Bonobo)

"In Aboriginal Australia, then, the 'Snake' is nothing other than women's culture-creating, menstruation-synchronising dance. 'A dance ground is a snake's body', writes Warner (1957:274) as if in confirmation, 'and it is usually thought of as having the women and children inside it'. But although mythology knows that 'the Snake' and women's 'dance' are one and the same, male initiation ritualism, as we have seen, inverts all this, attempting to exclude women from their own dance, which must now be monopolised by men. Aboriginal men who dance themselves into a 'Snake' know that they first learned to do this when they 'stole' women's secrets long, long ago in the mythological past - and they know it with quiet confidence because such things do not change, and they are still doing it . (Knight, C. (1991) Blood Relations: Yale Univ. Press, New Haven p. 477)

"The weight of the Miss Americas fall steadily year after year. So does that of Playboy centerfolds. Both categories of women are 15 percent lighter than the average for their ages." (Ridley 1993: 288, The Red Queen)

"A woman can be rendered infertile by a body fat content only 10-15 percent below normal." (Ridley 1993: 288, The Red Queen)

"There is a willingly expressed preference for plump female bodies among tribal people all over the world, and in many subsistence societies, thin women are shunned." (Ridley 1993: 288, The Red Queen)

"That blonde hair on a women has been considered by Europeans more beautiful than brown or black has long been noted. In ancient Rome women dyed their hair blond. In medieval Italy fair hair and great beauty were inseparable. In Britain the words fair and beautiful were synonymous. Blond adult hair may be a sexually selected honest handicap, just like a swallow's tail with streamers. Blond hair in children is a fairly common gene among Europeans (and, curiously, Australian aborigines). " (Ridley 1993: 2894 The Red Queen) [The blonde and red hair are associated with anomalous dominance. What is the melanin connection. What is the neotenous issue with the blond and blue eyed children also being the mark of beauty in an adult?]

See Fox on issue on characteristics of matrilineal culture for use in description of modern times.

Note the effects of environmental evolution of in vitro evolution.

"In addition to extramarital sex, premarital promiscuity and trial marriage may also alter the paternity probability. Indeed, at least one cross-cultural study suggests that in matrilineal-matrilocal societies sanctions against premarital sex, when they exist, are quite mild, whereas such sanctions are severe in patrilineal-patrilocal societies. (Goethals 1971). Although premarital sex is especially tolerated in matrilineal societies (e.g., Malinowski 1929), unwed mothers and illegitimacy leading to lower probabilities of paternity are not tolerated......I most matrilineal societies divorce is reported to be quite frequent, and can be initiated by either party without social stigma." (Kurland, J.A. (1979) Paternity, Mother's Brother, and Human Sociality. In Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior. N. Chagnon & W. Irons, eds. Pp. 160-1)

"There is a general tendency for underweight patients to have a higher incidence of premature infants (Kaltreider 1963). (Bernds, W.P. & Barash, D.P. (1979) Early Termination of Parental Investment in Mammals, Including Humans In Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior. N. Chagnon & W. Irons, eds. Pp. 503)

"Many people assume that the opportunities for selective mate choice, particularly female choice, would have been severely limited under ancestral conditions, due to the supposed prevalence of arranged marriages, the exchange of women as chattel between families and tribes, the influence of cultural rules concerning incest, outbreeding, marriage, monogamy and adultery, the prevalence of within-class marriages in complex hierarchical societies, and the generally low status of women under 'patriarchy'. But there is strong archaelogical and anthropological evidence that many of these factors arose within the last 10,000 years (Fisher, 1992), and would not have restricted individual mate choice opportunities before that time. The economic and geographic demands of agriculture distorted human mate choice patterns, because agriculture requires long-term investment in preparing and maintaining a plot of land, and thereby reduces the physical and social mobility that underlay the free choice of sexual mates in hunter-gatherer tribes. Even a century ago, Westermark (1894) recognized that in pre-agricultural tribal societies, females exercised considerable powers of mate choice. With the rise of post-agricultural and post-industrial society, we are seeing a return to more 'natural' ancestral patterns, including more sexual experimentation in adolescence, higher rates of adolescent pregnancy, divorce, and 'infidelity', more serial monogamy, more single mothers, higher rates of bisexuality, and do forth. These new patterns probably represent the Pleistocene norm, not 'social problems' due to modern atheistic decadence. And under these new conditions, we see a dizzying variety of relationships emerging and of mate choice criteria being exerted. Thus, the sexual freedom and social complexity enjoyed by young people in contemporary urban North America and Europe is probably much more representative of ancestral tribal conditions than the cloistered, oppressive patriarchy of medieval Europe or the lifelong monogamy of the mid-20th century industrial United States." (Miller, Geoffrey F. (1994) Evolution of the human brain through runaway sexual selection: the mind as a protean courtship device. unpublished thesis. pp. 237-8)

"Electronic entertainment media reveal human neophilia particularly clearly because they act as perceptual and cognitive 'super-stimuli'. The careful selection and professional training of entertainers, writers, and directors, combined with systems of electronic editing, amplification, and mass distribution, allow the contemporary human to experience protean courtship displays (e.g. art, music, dance, story-telling) that are much more intensified, polished, and numerous than anything that would have been possible a hundred years ago, much less a thousand, or a hundred thousand years ago." (Miller, Geoffrey F. (1994) Evolution of the human brain through runaway sexual selection: the mind as a protean courtship device. unpublished thesis. pp. 387)


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